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PSYT-5103: Psychosocial Assessment & Treatment-1
Topic On: Conduct Disorder
M.Sc, 1st Semester (4th Batch)
Dept. of Educational & Developmental Psychology
Jagannath University, Dhaka
The term conduct disorder encompasses a wide variety of under controlled behavior.
DSM-IV focuses on behaviors that violate the basic rights of others and major societal norms.
Nearly all such behavior is also illegal.
Behaviors Associated with Conduct Disorders
- Stealing without confronting a victim
- Running away from home
- Setting Fires
- Braking into someone’s house, building or car
- Deliberate distraction of another’s property
- Physical cruelty to animals
- Forcing someone into sexual activity
- Use of weapon
- Initiating physical fights
- Physical cruelty to people
- Population-based studies indicate that conduct disorder is common.
- A study of more than 2500 children in Ontario, Canada, found that 8 percent of boys and about 3 percent of girls aged four to sixteen met the DSM criteria for conduct disorder (Oxford, Boyle, et al., 1987).
Couses of conduct Disorder
- Numerous ideas have been put forward for the etiology of conduct disorder. Such as-
- Family conflict between parents and other siblings
- Violence in the neighborhood and fear for personal safety
- Inability to cope with the physical and emotional changes of adolescence
- Peer pressure to rebel against school
- Feeling of alienation (falling out) and isolation
- Unmet special learning needs
- Bullying and intimidation (Fearful) either within the school or outside
- Being ridiculed in class Being different (accent, culture) and then ridiculed or isolated
- Death or divorce in the family
- Discipline is often excessive, lacking, inconsistent or inappropriate
- Mothers are often rejecting and fathers tent to be excessive or inconsistent in discipline practice
- Families often do not adequately monitor the child’s behavior
1.Low maternal affection
2.Father’s deviance (alcoholism or criminal)
3.Parental aggression or violence and/or physical or sexual abuse of children
4.Inability of parents to provide adequate supervision, structure, and limit setting
5.Lack of consistent parental emotional investment, support and affection
- Low socioeconomic status
- Living in areas with easy access to antisocial or deviant peer group.
- Genetic Studies do demonstrate greater chances for antisocial behavior
- Family studies indicate transmission of aggressive traits
Other Factor’sDrug abuse and conduct disorder are highly associated both in adolescence and adulthood. Investigator from the Pittsburgh Youth Study, a longitudinal study of conduct problems in boys, found a strong association between substance use and delinquent acts (Van kammen, Loeber & Stouthamer-Loeber, 1991)
Among seventh graders who reported having tried marijiuana, more than 30 percent had attacked someone with a weapon and 43 percent admitted breaking and entering; fewer than 5 percent of children who reported no substance use had committed these acts. Depressive disorders are also more prevalent among youth with conduct disorder. Learning disability are co morbid with conduct disorder
Treatment Program for conduct disorder
Training of the delinquent and his family
Parents management training
Henggeler’s multi systemic therapy
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